Jade plants are a popular and easy-to-care-for succulent, making them an ideal choice for novice gardeners and experienced plant lovers alike. With the right light, soil, water, temperature, and fertilizer requirements, these slow-growing evergreens can last for many years. Read on to learn more about caring for jade plants.
A bright location is essential for healthy jade plants. They can tolerate full sun in mild climates, though may benefit from protection from the hottest afternoon rays in hot summer areas. In cooler or shady areas, a south or west facing window offers plenty of light without overheating the plant.
The best soil mix for jade plants is a well-draining cactus potting mix; avoid using soil with high compost content as it could cause root rot. Additionally, use a pot with at least one drainage hole to allow excess water to escape after watering.
Despite being a succulent that stores water in its leaves, jade plants need regular watering during their growing season; this typically runs from spring through late fall. Allow the top inch of soil to dry completely before adding water—use room temperature rainwater or tap water if possible—and pour until you see moisture coming out of the drainage hole before allowing it to drain completely before returning your plant to its spot. Avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot and fungal diseases.
While they do well in average household temperatures (70°F–75°F/21°C–23°C) all year round, keep your jade away from drafts or cold windows in wintertime and make sure your air conditioner isn’t too close during summer months. When humidity levels drop below 40%, use misting (ideally with distilled water), a humidifier, or a pebble tray filled with dampened pebbles placed beneath your plant’s pot to raise the relative humidity around it.
Fertilize your jade plants twice yearly during active growth periods (spring and fall) with half-strength liquid fertilizer formulated specifically for cacti and succulents; avoid fertilizing during winter when growth slows down significantly as this may damage the roots system of your plant. As with most other succulents—too much fertilizer is worse than none so always err on the side of caution!