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Madagascar Dragon Tree

Dracaena marginata

Plant Type
Broadleaf evergreen
Mature Size
15–20 ft. tall, 3–10 ft. wide
Sun exposure
Full sun, partial shade
Soil Type
Loamy, well-drained
Soil PH
Neutral to acidic
Bloom Time
Spring (rarely flowers indoors)
Flower Color
Hardiness Zones
10–12 (USDA)
Native Area
Toxic to cats and dogs
Madagascar Dragon Tree


The Madagascar Dragon Tree (Dracaena marginata) is an evergreen shrub native to the island of Madagascar. It boasts long, slender grayish-green leaves that are edged with red and grow outward from an upright trunk. This unusual tree can reach heights of up to 12 feet, and its leaves can be as long as 1 foot in length. It's not just its impressive height that sets this plant apart; it also has a decorative, architectural shape, making it a great choice for interior decorating. The Madagascar Dragon Tree prefers indirect sunlight and moist soil with good drainage. When planted outdoors, it needs protection from strong winds or hot weather so that its delicate foliage isn't damaged. With proper care, the Madagascar Dragon Tree can survive temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 80 degrees Fahrenheit. In addition to being used indoors in homes and offices, this tree can also be found growing in parks and gardens throughout many tropical regions around the world. The colorful leaves give any garden an exotic flair while providing lush greenery year round without having to worry about pruning or replanting each season. Plus, due to its air purifying qualities, the Madagascar Dragon Tree is especially beneficial for those who suffer from allergies or asthma since it helps remove airborne toxins from indoor air.

Plant Care

Taking care of a Madagascar Dragon Tree can be an incredibly rewarding experience. Not only are they a truly unique and striking houseplant, but with the right care, they will last for several years in your home. To ensure that your Madagascar Dragon tree is healthy and strong, pay close attention to its light requirements, soil quality, watering needs, temperature and humidity preferences, and fertilizer requirements.


Madagascar Dragon trees thrive indoors when they receive bright indirect light throughout the day. If possible, position your tree near an east or south-facing window where it will receive at least six hours of sunlight per day. If you can’t get enough natural light from a window, consider supplementing with a grow light set to run for about 12 hours each day. Additionally, if you notice that any of your Dragon tree’s leaves are turning yellow or brown due to inadequate lighting conditions, simply rotate the plant 180 degrees to help promote even growth patterns.


When it comes to soil quality for Madagascar Dragon trees, you should look for something with good drainage properties that won’t become overly saturated after watering. A standard potting mix supplemented with perlite or pumice is ideal for these plants; just make sure there’s plenty of organic matter at the bottom of the container so that excess water drains away effectively. Also keep in mind that you should never repot your Madagascar Dragon Tree unless absolutely necessary; this type of plant prefers to stay in the same container once it has outgrown its initial home.


When caring for your Madagascar Dragon tree, proper hydration is essential! When deciding how much water to give your plant each week, always start by checking the moisture level in its soil – if the top two inches feel dry to the touch then it’s time to give it some water until it begins dripping out from underneath the pot. However, do not over-water as this can cause root rot or other issues with your plant’s health.

Temperature & Humidity

To ensure optimal health and growth during all seasons of life for your Madagascar dragon tree, keep its environment between 65 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit (18 – 27 degrees Celsius) at all times and aim for relative humidity levels around 50%. If necessary during particularly dry winter months indoors (or outdoors during summer), consider misting your dragon tree with a spray bottle several times each week; this will also help reduce dust buildup on its leaves which can block some of its natural sunlight absorption capacity.


In addition to regular watering needs throughout the year, feeding your Madagascar Dragon Tree with liquid fertilizer every four weeks during spring and summer will help maximize both its growth rate and overall healthiness while making sure not to overdo it when providing extra nutrients as too much can cause burn damage over time! Alternatively, you may opt for slow-release pellets instead which are designed specifically for tropical plants like this one – just make sure whatever type you choose has a balanced nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium ratio in order to provide adequate nutrition without putting any undue stress on your beloved houseplant!

Plant Types



Potting and Repotting

Common Pests

Common Issues

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